The drafting and adoption of the United States Constitution recalled many of the high ideals of liberty and freedom that were espoused during the Revolutionary War. But the compromises that were made to get all of the new states on board to ratify the Constitution undermined those ideals in a lot of ways. Today we’ll learn about the 3/5 Clause and the Fugitive Slave clause, which entrenched the institution of slavery in the fundamental law of the new United States.


-David Waldstreicher, From Revolution to Ratification (New York: Hill & Wang, 2009)John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans, 3rd ed. (New York: Knopf, 1967).
Interpretation: The Slave Trade Clause | The National Constitution Center, , (last visited Nov 13, 2020).
-Article 1 Section 9 Clause 1 | Constitution Annotated | | Library of Congress, , (last visited Nov 13, 2020).
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